From 2020 a new experimentation and research project has begun, in collaboration with the edmund mach foundation of san michele all’adige (TN), mainly focused on the planting of the cultivar called “Johanniter” (Registered in the National Register in 2014 ).
A request has been submitted to the Friuli Venezia Giulia region for experimentation in order to be able to register this variety so that it can also be grown and marketed in our region.
This request is motivated by the fact that vines resistant to the main diseases and cold have recently been registered in the National Register of Vine Varieties. Consequently, these vines could be suitable for the climate and the various types of soil present in the municipality of Forni di Sotto (UD) and at similar altitudes and areas. They could also create new economies of mountainous and sustainable areas, both from an environmental and social point of view, focused on the production and marketing of mountain wine products.
The variety listed above has never been tested in the mountain areas of Friuli Venezia Giulia, while it is grown in Trentino Alto Adige and Veneto, places that are partly similar to ours in terms of orography, climate and rainfall. In addition, its early ripening (rarely ripens after the second decade of September), its excellent resistance to cold (withstand temperatures even below -24 ° C) and excellent resistance to major diseases, lead us to think that this variety can be cultivable in the Friulian mountains to produce wine (at altitudes between 650 and 900 meters).
The objectives of the experimentation are to evaluate the oenological potential, the degree of resistance to diseases, adaptation to the Johanniter mountain environments in the municipality of Forni di Sotto (UD) at an altitude of 730 m. s.1.m ..
The duration of the experimentation is five years (five years 2020 – 2025).
As already mentioned, resistance to the main diseases will be tested, the phenological phases of each variety will be recorded, winemaking will be carried out and evaluations of the polyphenolic and aromatic profiles of the various species will be carried out, also analyzing their adaptability to oenological needs.
The parameters will be collected in accordance with EU regulations, with the use of OIV codes, with ampelometric parameters and with the collection of production and oenological data for at least three years.
The grapes from these plants will be used to obtain micro vinifications, used exclusively, throughout the experimental period, for chemical and organoleptic analyzes.
As a final objective, at the end of the aforementioned period, we set ourselves the presentation of a scientific report, exhaustive and objective, which induces the competent bodies, on the basis of the results achieved, to admit or exclude the cultivation of Johanniter in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region and , above all, in the mountainous areas of Carnia.
The vines will be grown with spurred cordon using the Simonit & Sirch method. The distance between the plants will vary from a minimum of 80 cm to a maximum of 1.10 m, depending on the pruning method used.